副词的构成及语法结构 | 玄数

2015-05-09

选一选

 ________ I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end.

A.  Hopefully B.  Normally C.  Thankfully D.  Conveniently
Answer

一、构成

副词和形容词一样,具有修饰功能。形容词修饰名词,副词可以修饰动词、形容词、副词、乃至整个句子

1. 以 ly结尾
形容词 + ly slow — slowly ,    quick — quickly
形容词以 y 结尾 y 改 i + ly happy — happily ,    heavy — heavily
形容词以 le 结尾 e 改 y single — singly ,    possible — possibly
形容词以 ic 结尾 + ally automatic — automatically
2. 介词 + ward / wards:朝…方向 forward ,   backward ,   inward
3. 有些词既可作形容词,又可作副词 daily ,   kindly ,   clean ,   well
4. 大部分介词可用作副词,区别:介词后接宾语;副词不接宾语
5. 疑问副词 how ,   when ,   where ,   why

二、语法功能

1.  作表语

He isn’t in. …………… 他不在。
My mother has been away for a week. …………… 我妈妈出门已有一个星期了。

2.  作定语

I saw her a week before. …………… 一个星期之前我见过她。
Only she could come. …………… 只有她可以进来。

3.  作状语:修饰动词、形容词、副词、乃至整个句子

He runs fast. …………… 他跑得快。 ( fast 修饰动词 run )
The book is very interesting. …………… 这本书很有趣。 ( very 修饰形容词 interesting )
The bus came quite early. …………… 公交车很早就来了。 ( quite 修饰副词 early )
Tom was always late for class.
汤姆以前总是上课迟到。( always 修饰句子 Tom was late for class )

4.  作宾语补足语

Let them in. …………… 让他们进来。
I saw the kite up and down. …………… 我看见那风筝忽高忽低。

练习. A: What do you think of the football match?

B: Wonderful. They have never played ________ .

A. best B. better C. worse D. worst
答案(把鼠标放上即可看到)