以 c 开头的数学词汇 | 玄数

2012-10-05
calculate     计算
To determine or ascertain by mathematical methods; compute.

calculator     计算器
An electronic or mechanical device for the performance of mathematical computations.

calculus     微积分
The branch of mathematics that deals with limits and rates of change, includs differential calculus, integral calculus.

calendar     日历
A table or series of pages showing the months, weeks, and days in at least one specific year.

capacity     容量
The maximum amount or number that can be received or contained; cubic contents; volume.

cardinal number, cardinality     基数
Any of the numbers that express amount, as 1, 57, 214, denoting quantity but not order in a set.

Cartesian coordinates     直角坐标系, 笛卡尔坐标
A system of representing points in space in terms of their distance from a given origin measured along a set of mutually perpendicular axes. Written (x,y,z) with reference to three axes.
笛卡尔坐标

Celsius     摄氏
Of or relating to a temperature scale that registers the freezing point of water as 0° and the boiling point as 100° under normal atmospheric pressure.

census     人口调查
An official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.

cent     一分钱
A coin and unit of money worth 1% of the main unit of money in many countries, for example of the US dollar or of the euro.

center | centre     中心
The middle point, as the point within a circle or sphere equally distant from all points of the circumference or surface, or the point within a regular polygon equally distant from the vertices.

Centigrade     摄氏
Because of confusion over the prefix centi-, which originally meant 100 but developed the meaning 1/100, scientists agreed to stop using the term centigrade in 1948. They use the term Celsius instead.

centimeter     厘米
A unit of length equal to one hundredth (1/100) of a meter.

centroid     形心,质心
The centre of mass of an object of uniform density, esp of a geometric figure.

century     一百年
A period of 100 years.

chord     弦
A line segment that joins two points on a curve.

circle     圆
With center (a, b) and radius r is the locus of all points in the plane whose distance from the center is equal to r.

x2 + y2 = r2

(x – a)2 + (y – b)2 = r2


circle

circumcenter     外心
The center of a circumcircle where perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a polygon inscribed in the circle intersect.

circumcircle     外接圆

circumcircle of triangle     外接圆的三角形

circumference     圆周

circumradius     外接圆半径

circumscribe     外接

classify    分类

clockwise     顺时针方向

closed curve     封闭曲线

closed Sentence     封闭语句

cluster     簇,丛

codomain     值域

coefficient     系数

cofactor 余子式
Equal to (-1)i+j times the minor (The determinant of the matrix obtained by deleting the i-th row and j-th column of the matrix).
代数余子式

 

coincident     重合

collateral     抵押品

collinear     共线

column     柱;圆柱

column graph     柱状图

combination     组合

commission     佣金

common denominator     公分母

common difference     公差

common factor     公因数

common fraction     简分数,普通分数

commutative law     交换律

compass     圆规;指南针

compass points     罗经(方位)点

complement     补充;补体

complementary angle     余角

complex number     复数

composite number     合数

compound interest     复利

computation     计算

computer     计算机,电脑

concave     凹

concentric circles     同心圆

cone     圆锥体

congruent     全等
Having the same size and shape.
congruent triangles

 

 

conic section     圆锥曲线

conjugate     共轭

consecutive interior angles     连续内角

consecutive numbers     相邻数

constant     常数,恒量

construction     结构;构造

continuous data     连续数据

converge     汇集

converging lines     汇聚线

converging sequence     收敛序列

convex     凸

coordinate plane     坐标平面

coordinates     坐标

coplanar     共面

corresponding angles     对应角

cosecant     余割

cosine     余弦

cotangent     余切

counterclockwise     逆时针

counting number     自然数

credit     信用,贷款

cross multiply     交叉相乘

cross section     截面

cube     立方体

cube root     立方根

cubed number     立方数

cubic centimeter     立方厘米

cubic measure     立方单位制,体积量度单位

cubic meter     立方米

cuboid     长方体;长方体的

cumulative frequency     累积频数

curve     曲线;弧形;弯曲

curved line     曲线

cylinder     圆柱,柱面