以 c 开头的数学词汇 | 玄数

2012-10-05
calculate     计算
To determine or ascertain by mathematical methods; compute.

calculator     计算器
An electronic or mechanical device for the performance of mathematical computations.
calculator

calculus     微积分
The branch of mathematics that deals with limits and rates of change, includs differential calculus, integral calculus.

calendar     日历
A table or series of pages showing the months, weeks, and days in at least one specific year.

capacity     容量
The maximum amount or number that can be received or contained; cubic contents; volume.

cardinal number, cardinality     基数
Any of the numbers that express amount, as 1, 57, 214, denoting quantity but not order in a set.

Cartesian coordinates     直角坐标系, 笛卡尔坐标
A system of representing points in space in terms of their distance from a given origin measured along a set of mutually perpendicular axes. Written (x,y,z) with reference to three axes.
笛卡尔坐标

Celsius     摄氏
Of or relating to a temperature scale that registers the freezing point of water as 0° and the boiling point as 100° under normal atmospheric pressure.

census     人口调查
An official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.

cent     一分钱
A coin and unit of money worth 1% of the main unit of money in many countries, for example of the US dollar or of the euro.

center | centre     中心
The middle point, as the point within a circle or sphere equally distant from all points of the circumference or surface, or the point within a regular polygon equally distant from the vertices.

Centigrade     摄氏
Because of confusion over the prefix centi-, which originally meant 100 but developed the meaning 1/100, scientists agreed to stop using the term centigrade in 1948. They use the term Celsius instead.

centimeter     厘米
A unit of length equal to one hundredth (1/100) of a meter.

centroid     形心,质心
The centre of mass of an object of uniform density, esp of a geometric figure.

century     一百年
A period of 100 years.

chord     弦
A line segment that joins two points on a curve.