介词 Preposition 2 | 玄数

2015-11-02

选一选

 Sometimes proper answers are not far to seek ________ food safety problems.

A.  in B.  to C.  on D.  after
Answer

<i>.  in ,   into ,   inside

1. in

在 … 里面:There are five apples in the box.

在 … 时间内:Oh, my god! I must finish this article only in two days.

在 … 方面:He is lacking in courage.

穿着:The girl dress in white is Tom’s sister.

用,以:They paid in cash.

为了,作为:What do you give him in return?

短语 —— in a word  /  in brief  /  in short(简而言之),   in any case  /  in any event(无论如何),  in case(万一),  in this case(既然这样),  in danger(处于危险中),  in fact(事实上),  in favor of(有利于),  in front of(在前面),  in return(作为报答),  in sight(被看到),  in time(及时)

2. into

进入:She gone into the room and saw a patient lying in bed.

转为,成为: Look, it turns into green.

3. inside

在 … 里面:He parked his car inside the gate.

短语 —— inside of(少于,在 … 之内),  inside out(彻底地)

 

<o>.  of ,   off ,   on ,   onto ,   out ,   outside ,   over

1. of

… 的,属于:I want to take an egg of Mary.

在…方面:My aunt is hard of hearing.

由于:Her father die of cancer.

由 … 制成(可见原材料):The table is made of wood.

同为关系:The city of Beijing is very beautiful.

2. off

离开,隔着:He lifted a cup off the table.

戒掉,停服:He is off smoking.

低于,折价:He offered to take 10% off the price.

短语 —— take off(脱下,起飞),  pay off(海清债务;报复),  cut off(切断,切掉),  off duty(下班), off line(离线,断线),  power off(关闭电源)

3. on

在 … 上:The globe is on the table.

靠,根据:We live on wages.

在 … 的时候:He jumped with joy on hearing the news.

带在身上:Have you identity papers on you?

短语 —— put on(穿上,上演),  take on(承担),  come on(上演,开始,跟着来),  on account of(由于), on and off(断断续续地),  on and on(继续不断地), on board(在船上,在飞机上,在火车上),  on leave(休假中),  on line(联机,在线),  on one’s own(独立无助地),  on sale(廉价出售),  on the one hand   /  on the other hand(一方面 / 另一方面)

4. onto

到 … 之上:The boy climbed onto the roof top.

5. out

向外:He took out a book from the case.

短语 —— knock out(击倒),  out of(从中,脱离,缺乏),  out of office(离职)

6. outside

在 … 外,向 … 外:Outside the window it was a wonderful spring morning.

7. over

在 … 之上,在正上方:We live over a small bookstore.

越过:A plane flew over the house.

短语 —— over again(再一次,重新),  over and over(一再的,再三的)

 

<p>.  past

通过,经过:The boys walked past our house.

 

<s>since

自从,从 … 至今(常用于现在完成时、过去完成时):I haven’t heard from him since last year.

短语 —— ever since(自从)

 

<t>.  than ,   through ,   to ,   toward ,   towards

1. than

比:My aunt stayed here for more than a week.

2. through

穿过,通过:The river runs through our village.

用,凭借:She got the position through her hard work.

从 … 开始至终,在 … 整个期间:
He read through the manuscript.

短语 —— throught and throught(彻底的)

3. to

向,往:He go to the market.

直到:He wrote from morning to night.

趋于:The situation has gone from bad to worse.

属于,归于:I’ve lost the key to the house.

比:They won 4 to 3.

短语 —— as to(至于,关于),  prefer to(宁愿),  due to(由于),  in addition to(除 … 之外)

4. toward

朝,向:They drove toward the beach.

接近,将近:Toward dawn we found ourselves in a large valley.

5. towards

朝,向:I saw her walking towards the bank.

将近,大约:She is towards sixty.

 

<u>.  under ,   until ,   up ,   upon

1. under

在 … 下面,正下方:Mary, what are you putting in under the bed?

少于,低于,未满: The weight is under 10kg.

在 … 条件下:We cannot carry out the project under such situation.

短语 —— under age(未成年),   under cover(隐藏着),  under way(进行中)

2. until

直到 … 才(用于否定句):She didn’t go to bed until eleven o’clock.

直到:Can this cake keep fresh until tomorrow?

3. up

在 … 之上:Her room is up those stairs.

向 … 的上游,沿着:She walked up the path.

短语 —— up and down(来回地,到处),  up to(忙于),  pick up(捡起)

4. upon

在 … 之上:He laid a hand upon my shoulder.

短语 —— once upon a time(从前)

 

<w>.  with ,   within ,   without

1. with

与 … 在一起:I live with Tom.

支持,赞成:We are with you there.

有 … 什么特征:She is a beautiful girl with a dark heart.

随身:He had a gun with him.

短语 —— get along with(和睦相处),  in connection with(关于,与 … 相连),  in touch with(与 … 接触),  with one accord(一致的)

2. within

在 … 里面,在 … 内部:
He kept within doors all day yesterday.

不超过:I finish the homework within half hour.

3. without

无,没有:Without the sun, nothing would grow.

练习. China lies ________ the east of Asia and ________ the north of Australia.

A. to ; to B. in ; to
C. to ; in D. in ; on
答案(把鼠标放上即可看到)