以 q 开头的数学词汇 | 玄数

2012-10-07
quadrangle   四边形
A plane figure consisting of four points connected by four lines. In a complete quadrangle, six lines connect all pairs of points

quadrant   象限;四分之一圆弧

  • A circular arc of 90°; one fourth of the circumference of a circle.
  • Any of the four areas into which a plane is divided by the reference axes in a Cartesian coordinate system, designated first, second, third, and fourth, counting counterclockwise from the area in which both coordinates are positive.

quadratic equation   二次方程式
An equation that employs the variable x having the general form ax2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b, and c are constants and a does not equal zero; that is, the variable is squared but raised to no higher power.

quadratic function   二次函数
A polynomial of degree 2, or simply a quadratic, is a polynomial function in one or more variables in which the highest-degree term is of the second degree.
quadratic function

quadrilateral   四边形
A polygon having four sides.

quadrillion   十的十五次方
A cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 followed by 15 zeros, and in Great Britain by 1 followed by 24 zeros.

qualitative data   定性数据
Data that are non-numeric, such as colors, images and descriptions. Qualitative data are harder to analyze than quantitative data, which are numeric quantities.

quantitative data   定量数据
Numeric data. Quantitative data are much easier to analyze than qualitative data, which are descriptive and open to interpretation.

quantity   数量
An entity having a magnitude that may be denoted by a numerical expression.

quarter   四等份之一, 15分钟, quarter

  • One of four equal parts.
  • One fourth of an hour; 15 minutes.
  • One fourth of a year; three months.

quartile   四分位数
Any of the groups that result when a frequency distribution is divided into four groups of equal size.

quotient   商
The result of division. The number obtained by dividing one quantity by another. In 45 ÷ 3 = 15, 15 is the quotient.