关系代词 who, whom, whose | 玄数

2018-12-28

SAT

What is the area of a circle whose circumference is 12π?

A. 9π
B. 12π
C. 16π
D. 25π
E. 36π
Answer
E. 圆周为12π的圆的面积是多少?

一、先行词与 who, whom, whose 的关系

主格 宾格 定语
who,that whom,who,that whose

当先行词是人时可用到以上的关系代词。若在关系代词前有介词,则必须用 whom:介词 + whom

Lily is an American student. +  Lily likes dancing. …………… 莉莉是一名美国学生。莉莉喜欢跳舞。
Lily who likes dancing is an American student. …………… 莉莉是一名喜欢跳舞的美国学生。
 
The man is a doctor. +  I just spoke to the man……………. 那个人是医生。我刚才跟那个人说话了。
The man who I just spoke to is a doctor. …………… 刚才跟我说话的人是一位医生。
The man whom I just spoke to is a doctor.
The man to whom I just spoke is a doctor.
The man that I just spoke to is a doctor.

二、who 与 that 在许多情况下可通用,但下列情况宜用 who

1.  先行词是one,ones,anyone,those

A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way.
一个领导者是懂得方法,使用方法和展示方法的人。
 
True friends are the ones who never leave your heart.
真正的朋友是永远不会遗忘你的心的。
 
Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.
从未犯错的人尝试不到新鲜的事物。
 
Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.
那些不从历史中学习的人注定要重蹈覆辙。

2.  当先行词有较长的后置定语时

LiMing is talking to an old man from Europe. +  The old man is very interesting in Chinese culture.
LiMing is talking to an old man from Europe who is very interesting in Chinese culture.
李明正在和一位来自欧洲的并且对中国文化很感兴趣的老人谈话。

3.  当定语从句中又套定语从句,其中一个用了that,后面一个用 who

I just spoke to the man. +  The man is a doctor. +  The man works in No.1 People Hospital.
The man that I just spoke to is a doctor who works in No.1 People Hospital.
刚才跟我说话的人是一位在第一人民医院工作的医生。

4.  there be 开头的句子

There is a young man who want to see you. …………… 有位年青人要见你。
There are many children who are riding horses, playing with monkeys in the zoo.
动物园有很多小孩骑马,与猴子玩耍。

三、whose

whose  是代词所有格,可代人也可代物,在定语从句中作定语。 代物时,相当于 of which

Lily is dancing.  +  Her dress is very beautiful. …………… 莉莉在跳舞,她的裙子很漂亮。
Lily is dancing whose dress is very beautiful.
 
This is an English book.  +  Its cover is red. …………… 这是一本英语书,它的封面是红色的。
This is an English book whose cover is red. …………… 这是一本封面是红色的英语书。
This is an English book the cover of which is red.

练习

翻译:
locus     轨迹
The set or configuration of all points whose coordinates satisfy a single equation or one or more algebraic conditions.

关系代词 who, whom, whose