部分倒装 | 玄数

2018-12-27
部分倒装是指将句子的谓语的一部分 ( 一般是助动词或情态动词) 放在主语之前

You can work out the problem only in this way.
Only in this way can you work out the problem.
I shall never forget it.
Never shall I forget it.
I had discussed it with them often.
Often had I discussed it with them.
陈述 …. 只有通过这种方式,你才可以解决问题。
倒装
陈述 ….. 我永远也忘不了它。
倒装
陈述…. 我经常和他们讨论这个问题。
倒装

1.  so, neither, nor 放在句首,表示前面肯定或否定的内容也是用于后面提到的人或物是

You are a student, so am I. …………… 你是学生,我也是。
I have never been abroad, neither has he. …………… 我没出过国,他也是。
I didn’t finish my homework, nor did she. …………… 我还没完成作业,他也没有。

2.  “only + 副词、 only + 介词短语、 only + 状语从句” 放在句首

Only then did I realize that I was wrong. …………… 只有到那时,我才意识到自己错了。
Only in this way can you work out the problem. ……….只有通过这种方式,你才可以解决问题。
Only when that fails shall I leave the ship. …………… 只有当它失败了,我才离开船。

3.  当句首状语为否定词或是带有否定意义的词语时。若是复合从句,主句倒装,从句不倒装

not nor neither never nowhere little
hardly seldom barely no longer in no case by no means
at no time not only … but also no sooner … than
not until hardly … when scarcely … when
Not a single mistake did he make. …………… 他没出错误。
Never shall I forget it. …………… 我永远也忘不了它。
Hardly did I remember it. …………… 我几乎不记得这件事了。
Not until he finish his homework, did he go out. …………… 直到昨晚作业,他才出去。
 
Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives.
我们不但把钱全丢了,还几乎丧了命。
 
No sooner was he back at home than he realized his mistake.
他一回到家就意识到他弄错了。
 
Hardly had I known it when I told him. …………… 我一知道就告诉他了。

4.  方式副词 well,频度副词 often,always, once,now and then, many a time,every other day 等作状语的词组位于句首时

Well do I remember the day. …………… 那个日子我记忆犹新。
Often had I discussed it with them. …………… 我经常和他们讨论这个问题。

5.  as ( though ) 引导的让步状语从句,只把表语倒装,也就是把后面的形容词、副词、名词提到as 之前,形成 “表语 + as + 主语 + 系动词” 的格式

Old as he is, he works hard. = Although he is old, he works hard.
虽然他老了,但他依然努力工作。
 
Child as he is, he knows a lot. = Although he is a child, he knows a lot.
尽管他是个孩子,但他懂得很多。

6.  虚拟语气省略 if 时

Were he here this everning, we would play cards.
If he were here this everning, we would play cards.  …………… 如果他今晚在这儿,我们就打牌。
 
Should it rain, the crops would be saved.
If it should rain, the crops would be saved. …………… 如果下雨,庄稼就有救了。

7.   so … that … ,such … that … 引导状语从句,当 so 或 such 位于句首时

So loudly did he speak that everyone in the room could hear him clearly.
他说话的声音太大了,以至于房间里所有的人都能听清楚。