关系代词 that | 玄数

2018-12-27

SAT

Someone writes a five digit numeral that reads the same from left to right as right to left (a palindrome). How many 5-digit palindromes are there?

Answer
900. 有人写了一个五位数的数字, 从左到右和从右到左读都相同的数字(回文数). 有多少个5位数的回文数?

一、在限定性定语从句中,先行词是物时,一般 that 和 which 可以通用

I’ll never forget the days that / which I spent in Shanghai.
我永远都不会忘记在上海的那段日子。
 
Dog is a kind of animal that / which is friendly and useful to human.
狗是一种对人类友好并且有用的动物。

二、在限定性定语从句中,用 that 而不用 which 的情况

1.  先行词、或在先行词前有形容词最高级、序数词修饰

This is the best that has been used against air pollution in cities.
这是用来在城市中防止空气污染的最好的办法。
 
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world that is located in the area between Nepal and Tibet. …………… 世界最高峰珠穆朗玛峰位于尼泊尔和西藏的交界地区。
 
It is the first American movie of this kind that I’ve ever seen.
这是我看到的第一部这类美国影片。

2.  指“物”时,先行词是 all,one,none, little,much,everything,something,anything,nothing 等不定代词

I will eat all that on the table. …………… 我会把桌上所有的东西都吃掉。
I mean the one that you just talked about. …………… 我指的是你刚刚谈到的那个。
You can take everything that you like. …………… 你可以拿走每一个你喜欢的东西。

3.  先行词前有 the only,the same,the very,the last,the next,any,few,little,no,all,one of 等修饰

The only thing that I can do is to listen music. …………… 我唯一能做的事情就是听音乐。
He is the very man that can do the job. …………… 他是做这件工作的最合适人选。
Lisa is one of the student that want to be an inventor in ous school.
丽莎是我们学校中想成为发明家的学生之一。

4.  先行词既有人又有物

The people and things that he met were strange to him.
他所遇到的人和事,对他来说都很陌生。

5.  当定语从句中又套定语从句,其中一个用了which,后面一个用 that

They visited a factory which produced things that sold well.
他们参加了一家工厂,它生产的产品卖得不错。

6.  主句是以疑问词 who 或 which 开头的特殊疑问句

Who is the boy that is reading under the tree? …………… 在树下读书的那个男孩是谁?

7.  当先行词是主句的表语,关系代词又是从句的表语时

He is not the man that he used to be. …………… 他不是以前的样子了。

练习

翻译:
capacity 容量
The maximum amount or number that can be received or contained; cubic contents; volume.

关系代词 that